Here are some health conditions that can be detected based on how your eyes look:
Diabetic retinopathy affects the retina capillaries. It is among the causes of blindness in most American adults. Symptoms such as eye pain, floaters, and blurry vision may not appear or get detected until the condition exacerbates, making routine eye exams essential. An eye doctor may detect signs of diabetic retinopathy before a diabetes diagnosis and allows early lifestyle changes and treatment.
Arcus senilis is a white, gray, or blue ring that can form around the iris due to cholesterol build-up. Although related to aging, it may indicate a high level of cholesterol and triglycerides, leading to stroke and heart disease. Blood tests for hyperlipidemia are essential for individuals under 60, especially those under 40.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure shows signs such as leaking, narrowing, nicking, hardening, and swelling of blood vessels in the eye. It causes heart failure, stroke, or heart attack. Untreated blood vessel damage may cause blurred or distorted vision and even loss of sight. Regular eye exams are crucial for early detection and treatment.
Microscopic blood clots or blood vessel damage due to high blood pressure in the eye can put one at high risk for stroke. An eye exam can detect these signs, prompting immediate action to prevent a stroke.